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The Harlequin character came to England early in the 17th century and took center stage in the derived genre of the Harlequinadedeveloped in the early 18th century by the Lincoln’s Fields Theatre’s actor-manager John Richwho played the role under the name of Lun.

It originates with an Old French term herlequinhellequinfirst attested in the 11th century, by the chronicler Orderic Vitaliswho recounts a story of a monk who was pursued by a troop of demons when wandering on the coast of Normandy France at night. See also Normand R. Originally speaking in a Bergamo dialect, the character adopted a mixture of French and Italian dialects when the character became more of fixture in France so as to help the performers to connect to the common masses.

Wise old man Elderly martial arts master Magical Negro.

La Locandiera Arlequin, valet de deux maîtres, Carlo Goldoni

Occasionally, Arlecchino would pursue the innamorata, though rarely with success, as in the Recueil Fossard of the 16th century where he is shown trying to woo Donna Lucia for himself by masquerading as a foreign nobleman.

The character would never perform a simple action when the addition of a cartwheelsomersault, or flip would spice up the movement.

These authors speculate that Ganassa may have dropped the role in Spain, since apparently he gained too much weight to perform the required acrobatics. Presso Andrea Santini e Figlio. Tracing the Demon from the Carnival to Kramer and Mr. The Harlequin character first appeared in England early in the 17th century and took centre stage in the derived genre of the Harlequinadedeveloped in the early 18th century by John Rich. For other uses, see Harlequin disambiguation.


The production arlequih a hit, and the new costume design was copied by others in London. His role is that of a light-hearted, nimble, and astute servantoften acting to thwart the goldonk of his master, and pursuing his own love interest, Columbinawith wit and resourcefulness, often competing with the sterner and melancholic Pierrot.

The primary aspect of Arlecchino was his physical agility. By the 18th century was a Bergamask caricature. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. One of the major arpequin of commedia dell’arte is the godloni of regional dialects. The physical appearance of Hellequin offers an explanation for the traditional colours of Harlequin’s red-and-black mask.

Feral child Noble savage Caveman Moleman Mountain man. Double agent Evil twin.

Jungle girl Magical girl. Harlequin inherits his physical agility and his trickster qualities, as well as his name, from a mischievous ” devil ” character in medieval passion plays.

Lovable rogue Gentleman detective Jack Trickster. In the seventeenth century, a variety of anonymous engravings show Guazzetto rollicking, similar ggoldoni Arlechino.

Sandafter p. Popular characters with Gozzi and Goldoni, but said to be goldoin when used for improvisations. Two developments inboth involving Joseph Grimaldigreatly changed the pantomime characters. By contrast with the ‘first zanni’ Harlequin takes little or no part in the development of the plot.

He later develops into a prototype of the romantic hero.

HerlaErlkingand Alichino devil. Truffa, Truffaldin or Truffaldino. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In 18th century FranceTrivelino was a distinct character from Harlequin. He wears a fox’s brush, a large three-tiered collarette, wide breeches, and a loose jacket tied tightly by a belt.

The most influential such in Victorian England were William Payne and his sons the Payne Brothersthe latter active during the s and s. Martinelli’s Harlequin also had a black leather half-maska moustache and a pointed beard. One theory posits that the name is derived from a bird with polychromatic feathers aglequin a Harle [5] Another theory suggest that the name Harlequin is taken from that of a mischievous “devil” or “demon” character in popular French passion plays.

La Locandiera Arlequin, valet de deux maîtres, Carlo Goldoni – Le Grand Méchant Livre

His bat is shaped like a scimitar-esque sword. Tristano Martinelli is the first actor definitely known to have used the name ‘Harlequin’ or ‘Arlequin’ for the secondo zanni role, and he probably first performed the part in France in or just before and only later brought the character to Italy, where he became known as Arlecchino.


Zan Ganassawhose troupe is first mentioned in Mantua in the late s, is one of the earliest known actors suggested to have performed the part, [4] although there is “little hard evidence to support arlqeuin. Ghosts in the Middle Ages: Costume almost identical to Harlequin’s, but had a variation of the 17th century where the triangular patches were replaced with moons, stars, circles and triangles.

Early characteristics of Arlecchino paint the character as a second zanni servant from northern Italy with the paradoxical attributes of a dimwitted fool and an intelligent trickster. Don Arlequin Clown’s costume was “garishly colourful Arlecchino often had a love interest in the person of Columbinaor in older plays any of the Soubrette roles, and his lust for her was only superseded by his desire for food and fear of his master. Among the earliest depictions of the character are a Flemish painting in the Museum of Bayeux [13] [14] and several woodblock prints probably dating from the s in the Fossard collection, discovered by Agne Beijer in the s among uncatalogued items in the Nationalmuseum Stockholm.

University Of Chicago Arlrquin. A servant or valet clad in mostly white, created by Giovanni Pellesini. Gentleman detective Jack Trickster.

He is typically cast as the servant of an innamorato or vecchio much to the detriment of the plans of his master. Harlequin was modified to become “romantic and mercurial, instead of mischievous”, leaving Grimaldi’s mischievous and brutish Clown as the “undisputed agent” of chaos, and the foil for the more sophisticated Harlequin, who retained stylized dance poses.